Seminar in Geographic Thought & Theory

Fall 2011 - GEOG 701
Wednesday, 5:35 - 8:15 PM

 

Instructor Information

Instructor: Charles Heatwole
Email: Charles.Heatwole@hunter.cuny.edu
Telephone: (212) 772-5323
Office: 1045 HN
Office Hours:      Monday Noon - 3 PM
                          Wednesday 1 PM - 5 PM
                          Thursday Noon - 3 PM
                          And by appointment

Grading Formula:

40% Attendance and Participation
30% Term Project
30% Final Examination
100%

Policy on Academic Honesty: Hunter College regards acts of academic dishonesty (e.g., plagiarism, cheating on examinations, obtaining unfair advantage, and falsification of records and official documents) as serious offenses against the values of intellectual honesty. The College is committed to enforcing CUNY Policy on Academic Integrity and will pursue cases of academic dishonesty according to the Hunter College Academic Integrity Procedures. Plagiarism, dishonest, or cheating in any portion of the work required for this course will be punished to the full extent allowed according to Hunter College regulations.

Course Goals

This is a required course for students enrolled in the Geography M.A. program. The principal goals are to acquire understanding of the history of American academic geography and its ancestry (as far back as classical Greece), and to help students understand and appreciate where they personally "fit" within the scope of the discipline. Emphasis will be placed on key figures in geography's history; principal trends, concepts, models and paradigms; the impact of technological change on our discipline; and geography's place in academia and society. The required term project affords students opportunity for in-depth study a course-relevant area of interest.

Calendar


Date Topic Chapter
8/31 Introduction and Overview 1
9/7 Classical Period 2
9/14 Discovery and "The New Geography" 3-4
9/21 "The New Geography" (the sequel) 4-5
9/28 NO CLASS TODAY  
10/5 Teleology and Darwin(ism) 6
10/12 Determinism, Probabalism, and Possibilism 7
10/19 Regionalism and its critics 8
10/26 The Quantitative Revolution 9
11/2 Models and Modelers 9
11/9 Humanistic Geography 9
11/16 Radicals and Marxists 9
11/23 Feminists and Assorted Postmodernists 9
11/30 The contemporary scene 10
12/7 Reports on term projects (Final exam distributed at end of class. Hard copy due in my mailbox by 6 PM on 12/21.)

Term Project

The term project is typically a term paper of 20-30 pages in length (excluding bibliography and end notes) that focuses on one of the following:

only for graduate students in Education,

Having set these parameters, I am open to original ideas and alternative project products provided they have acceptable scope and depth and a very clear connection to the goals of this course. I invite consultation concerning your project early and often during the term.

Required Readings

Text: David N. Livingstone, The Geographical Tradition. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1992 (reprinted 2004).
           Various additional readings below.

Weekly Readings:

August 31

No assignments for today.

September 7

Lukermann, Fred. “The Concept of Location in Classical Geography.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 50 (June, 1961): 194-210.

Online: History of geography, history of navigation, dead reckoning, Homer, Thales of Miletus, Anaximander and the gnomon, Hecateus, Herodotus, Aristotle, Eratosthenes, Hipparchus, astrolabe, Posidonius, Strabo and Ptolemy.

September 14

Woodward, David, “Reality, Symbolism, Time and Space in Medieval World Maps, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 75 (Dec., 1985); 510-21.

September 21

Bunske, Edmunds V., “Humboldt and an Aesthetic Tradition in Geography.” Geographical Review, Vol. 71 (April, 1981): 127-46.

Glacken, Clarence J., “Count Buffon on Cultural Changes of the Physical Environment,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 50 (March, 1960): 1-21.

Marie Sanderson, “Mary Somerville: Her Work in Physical Geography,” Geographical Review, Vol. 64 (July, 1974): 410-20.

September 28

No class today.

October 5

Bryan, Kirk, “William Morris Davis—Leader in Geomorphology and Geography,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 25 (March,1935): 23-31.

Stoddart, D. R.  “Darwin’s Impact on Geography,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 56 (Dec., 1966): 683-698.

October 12

Barrows, Harlan. “Geography As Human Ecology,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 13 (1923): 1-14.

Berman, Mildred, “Sex Discrimination and Geography: The Case of Ellen Churchill Semple. Professional Geographer, Vol. 26 (1974): 8-11.

Elliott, Harold M. “Mental Maps and Ethnocentrism: Geographic Characterizations in the Past,” Journal of Geography, Vol. 78 (December, 1979): 250-65.

Gade, Daniel, “The Growing Recognition of George Perkins Marsh.” Geographical Review, Vol. 73 (July 1983): 341-44.

Huntingdon, Ellsworth. “The Relation of Health to Racial Capacity,” Geographical Review, Vol. 11 (1921): 243-64.

Semple, Ellen Churchill, “The Anglo-Saxons of the Kentucky Mountains: A Study in Anthropogeography,” The Geographical Journal, Vol. 17 (1901): 588-623.

Richard Peet, “The Social Origins of Environmental Determinism,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol, 75 (Sept., 1985): 309-333.

October 19

Fenneman, Nevin. “The Circumference of Geography, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 9 (1919): 3-11.

Hartshorne, Richard, "The Upper Silesian Industrial District," Geographical Review, Vol. 24 (1934): 423-38.

Sauer, Carl O., “The Personality of Mexico.”  Geographical Review, Vol. 31 (1941): 353-364.

Schaefer, Fred, “Exceptionalism in Geography: A Methodological Examination,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 43 (1953): 226-49.

Smith, Neil, “’Academic War Over the Field of Geography’: The Elimination of Geography at Harvard, 1947-1951.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 77 (1987): 155-72.

October 26

Clark, David, “The Formal and Functional Structure of Wales,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 63 (March, 1973): 71-84.

Gould, Peter, “Geography 1957-1977: The Augean Period,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 69 (1979): 139-51.

Grilches, Zvi. (Biographical background)

Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.

Newman, James L., “The Use of the Term ‘Hypothesis’ in Geography,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 63 (March, 1973): 22-27.

Robinson, Arthur H., et al., “A Correlation and Regression Analysis Applied to Rural Farm Population Densities in the Great Plains,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 51 (1961): 211-211.

Stone, Kirk, “Geography’s War Time Service,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 69 (1979): 89-96.

Wong, Shue Tuck, “A Multivariate Statistical Model for Predicting Mean Annual Flood in New England,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 53 (1963): 298-311.

November 2

Christaller, Walter (and central place theory)

Clark, W.A.V., and Gerard Rushton, “Models of Intra-Urban Consumer Behavior and Their Implications for Central Place Theory,” Economic Geography, Vol. 46 (July, 1970): 486-97.

Gould, Peter, “Man Against His Environment: A Game Theoretic Framework,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 53 (September, 1963): 290-97.

Gravity model

Horvath, Ron, “Von Thunen’s Isolated State and the Area Around Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 59 (June, 1969):
308-323.

Morrill, Richard, “The Negro Ghetto: Problems and Alternatives,” Geographical Review, Vol. 55 (July, 1965): 339-61.

Torsten Hagerstrand and Monte Carlo simulation

Von Thunen, Johann Heinrich (von Thunen’s rings)

Weber, Alfred (Theory for the location of industries)

November 9

Arreola, Daniel D., “Mexican American Exterior Murals.” Geographical Review, Vol. 74 (October, 1984): 409-24.

Horvath, Ronald, “Machine Space.” Geographical Review, Vol.. 64 (April, 1974): 167-188.

Lai, Chuen-yan David, “A Feng-Shui Model as a Location Index.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 64 (1974): 506-13.

McPherson, E. Gregory, and Renee A. Haip, “Emerging Desert Landscape in Tucson.” Geographical Review, Vol. 79 (1989): 435-449.

Tuan, Yi-fu, “Humanistic Geography.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 66 (June, 1976):  266-76.

Wright, John K., “Terra Incognita: The Place of Imagination in Geography.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 37 (March, 1947): 1-15.

Zelinsky, Wilbur, “Selfward Bound? Personal Preference Patterns and the Changing Map of American Society.” Economic Geography, Vol. 50 (1974): 144-179.

November 16

Blaut, James M., “The Dissenting Tradition,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 69 (March, 1979): 157-64.

Bunge, William W., “The Geography of Human Survival,” Annals of the Association of American geographers, Vol.63 (September, 1973): 275-295.

Horvath, Ronald J., “The ‘Detroit Geographical Expedition and Institute’ Experience,”
Antipode, Vol. 3 (November, 1971): 73-85. [Access via Antipode-online, below].

Peet, Richard, “Social Contradiction and Marxist Geography,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 69 (March, 1979): 164-69.

Also, go to . . .

 http://www.antipode-online.net

Peruse the journal; pick an article that interests you; write a one-page synopsis and appraisal; and prepare a 3-4 minute in-class presentation on the article that, among other things, summarizes its methodology.

November 23

Berman, Mildred, “On Being a Woman in American Geography: A Personal Perspective.” Antipode, Vol. 6, No. 3 (1984): 61-66.

Hanson, Susan.  “Geography and Feminism: Worlds in Collision.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 82 (1992): 569-86.

McLafferty, Sara, “Counting for Women.” Professional Geographer, Vol. 47 (1995): 436-42.

Montello, Danial R. et al, “Sex-related Differences and Similarities in Geographic and Environmental Spatial Abilities.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 89 (September, 1999): 515-34.
 
Zelinsky, Wilbur, “The Strange Case of the Missing Female Geographer.” Professional_Geographer, Vol. 25 (1973): 101-05.

November 30

Cutter, Susan L., Reginald G. Golledge, and William L. Graf, “The Big Questions in Geography.” Professional Geographer, Vol. 54 (August 2002): 305-17.

Final Exam

The final exam will be handed to you at the end of the December 7th class period. It is a take-home final. The completed exam must be placed in my mailbox in room HN 1006 or submitted to me in person no later than 6PM on December 21th. I strongly discourage electronic submissions because I believe you owe yourself the peace of mind that comes with knowing that I have received exactly what you want me to receive. It is your responsibility to make sure I receive your final exam. Frankly, there have been times when I have not been able to print all or part of a studentís paper. Graphics in particular are prone to problems. Also, please do not slide your paper under my office door. (Some very bizarre things have happened.)

Current as of December 1, 2011 .