Mixed Mesophytic Forest (Appalachian Plateau)

 

Located west of the Appalachian Mountains in the Southeastern United States.

 

 

File:Appalachian map.jpg

 

File:Cumberlandplateaumap.png

 

  • The  Appalachian mixed mesophytic forest is one of the most biologically diverse temperate forest regions on earth.
  • It has an unusually diverse tree flora, with as many as 30 tree species at a single site including many relics of the ancient forest that once covered North America more widely.
  • Tree species include:
    • sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
    • beech (Fagus grandifolia)
    • tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
    • basswood (Tilia americana)
    • northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
    • cucumber tree (Magnolia acuminata)
    • black walnut (Juglans nigra)
    • eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
    • white ash (Fraxinus americana)
    • sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
    • yellow buckeye (Aesculus flava)
    • white oak (Quercus alba)
    • northern red oak (Quercus rubra)
    • chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii)
    • shagbark hickory (Carya ovata)
    • sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
    • eastern red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  • Along with the forest there is a rich undergrowth of:
    • ferns,
    • fungi,
    • herbaceous plants,
    • shrubs
    • small trees