What Success Has China Had in Controlling Its Population Growth?


Between 1972 and 2002, China cut its TFR from 5.7 to 1.8 children per woman.


  • couples are strongly urged to postpone the age at which they marry and to have no more than one child

  • married couples have ready access to free sterilization, contraceptives and abortion.

  • married couples who pledge to have no more than one child receive

    • extra food

    • larger pensions

    • better housing

    • free medical care

    • salary bonuses

    • free school tuition for their one child

    • preferential treatment in employment for their one child


Couples who break their pledge lose all the benefits.