Mt Tambora - 1815

  • largest explosive volcanic eruption ever observed during human history
  • an active stratovolcano
  • was 14,000+ feet high before the eruption
  • erupted April 10th, 181
  • blasted off the top of the volcano
  • 145 cubic km of debris was ejected into the atmosphere
  • the blast was heard 1,200 miles away
  • most of the deaths from the eruption were from starvation and disease, as the eruptive fallout ruined agricultural productivity in the local region.
  • The death toll was at least 71,000 people, of whom 11,00012,000 were killed directly by the eruption
  • The eruption caused global climate anomalies that included the phenomenon known as "volcanic winter"
  • 1816 became known as the "Year Without a Summer" because of the effect on North American and European weather.
  • Crops failed and livestock died in much of the Northern Hemisphere, resulting in the worst famine of the 19th century.








Aerial view of the caldera of Mt Tambora
at the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia




Mt. Tambora Caldera