Mapping & Crime Analysis Bibliography


The final goal of the project is review the literature in the fields of Crime Analysis, GIS, Epidemiology and other Social Sciences to find useful applications and/or possible directions for future research in this field. Several articles of this nature are listed here.


Items are sorted alphabetically by author.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Alba, Richard, Logan, John, 1992, "Analyzing Locational Attainments: Constructing Individual-Level Regression Models Using Aggregate Data", Sociological Methods and Research, 20 (3), 367-397.

Anderson, Dean, 1990, "Seattle, Tacoma Automate Crime Analysis", American City and County, 105 (July), 52.

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B

Baldwin, J., 1975, "British Areal Studies of Crime - An Assessment", British Journal of Criminology, Delinquency, and Deviant Social Behavior, 15 (3), 211-227.

Beasley, R.W.; Antunes, G. (1974). "The Etiology of Urban Crime: An Ecological Analysis". Criminology, 11, 439-461.

Bennett, Richard, 1991, "Development and Crime: a Cross-National, Time-Series Analysis of Competing Models", Sociological Quarterly, 32 (fall), 343-363.

Bennett, W. D., Merlo, A., Leiker, K. K., 1987, "Geographical Patterns of Incendiary and Accidential Fires", Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 3 (1), 47-64,

Blau, Judith; Blau, Peter (1982). "The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan Structure and Violent Crime". American Sociological Review, 47, 114-129.

Block, M.K.; Heinke, J.M. (1975). "A Labor Theoretical Analysis of the Criminal Choice". American Economics Review, 65, 314-325.

Block, Richard (1979). Community, Environment, and Violent Crime. Criminology, 17, 46-57.

Bocquet-Appel, J. P., Bacro, J. N., 1993, "Isolation by Distance, Trend Surface Analysis and Spatial Autocorrelation", Human Biology, 65 (Feb.), 11-27.

Boggs, S. (1966). Urban Crime Patterns. American Sociological Society, 30, 899-908.

Brantingham, Paul; Brantingham, Patricia (1982). Mobility, Notoriety, and Crime: A Study of Crime Patterns in Urban Nodal points. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11, 89-99.

Brantingham, P. J., Dyreson, D. A., Brantingham, P. L., 1976, "Crime Seen Through a Cone of Resolution", American Behavioral Scientist, 20 (2), 261-273.

Brantingham, Patricia, Brantingham, Paul 1994, "The Relative Spatial Concentration on Criminality and its Analysis: Toward a Revival of Environmental Criminology" (in French), Criminologie, 27 (1), 81-97.

Brantingham, Paul, Brantingham, Patricia, 1975, "The Spatial Patterning of Burglary", Howard Journal of Penology and Crime Prevention, 14 (2), 11-23.

Brantingham, Paul, Brantingham, Patricia, 1991, "How Public Transit Feeds Private Crime: notes on the Vancouver 'sky train' experience", Security Journal, 2 (2), 91-95.

Brantingham, P.J.; Brantingham, P.L.; Molumby, T. (1977). "Perceptions of Crime in a Dreadful Enclosure". Ohio Journal of Science, 77, 256-261.

Brassel, K. E., Utano, J. J. 1979, "Linking Crime and Census Information Within a Crime Mapping System", Review of Public Data Use, 7 (3/4), 15-24.

Britt, Chester, 1994, "Crime and Unemployment in the United States, 1958-1990: a time series analysis", American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 53 (Jan.), 99-109.

Brostron, C., 1968, "Computer Assisted Resource Allocation Expanded in St. Louis", Police Chief, 35 (Nov.), 47-52.

Brown, Elsa Barkley, Kimball, Gregg 1995, "Mapping the Terrain of Black Richmond", Journal of Urban History, 21 (3), 296-346.

Brown, M. A., 1982, "Modeling the Spatial Distribution of Suburban Crime", Economic Geography, 58 (3), 247-261.

Buck, Andrew,1980,Hakim, Simon, "Model Selection in Analyzing Spatial Groups in Regression Analysis", Geographical Analysis, 12 (4), 392-398.

Bulkeley, Debra, 1993, "High-tech Tools to Help Crack Crimes", Design News, 48 (49), 27-28.

Bursik, Robert; Webb, Tim (1982). "Community Change and Patterns of Delinquency". American Journal of Sociology, 88, 24-42.

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C

Call, Robert,Mayer, Robert, Baird, Robert, 1989, "From Punch Cards to Computers: an Evolution in Crime Analysis", The Police Chief, 56 (June), 37.

Capone, Donald; Nicholas, W.W. (1976). "Urban Structure and Criminal Mobility". American Behavioral Scientist, 20, 199-213.

Carter, R. L., Hill, K. Q., 1976, "Criminal's Image of the City and Urban Crime Patterns", Social Science Quarterly, 57 (3), 597-607.

Caudill, William Walter III,1990, "Mortality as a Measure of Spatial and Social Disparities in Development: A Venezuelan Case Study", Dissertation Abstracts International, Humanities and Social Science, 51 (3), Dissertation.

Cantor, David; Land, Kenneth (1991). Exploring Possible Temporal Relationships of Unemployment and Crime: A Comment on Hale and Sabbagh. Journal on Research in Crime and Delinquency, 28, 418-425.

Capone, D.C.; Nichols, W.W. (1975). Crime and Distance: An Analysis of Offender Behavior in Space. Proceedings of the Association of American Geographers,7, 45-49.

Chilton, Richard; Dussich, John(1974). Methodological Issues in Delinquency Research: Some Alternative Analyses of Geographically Distributed Data.Social Forces, 53, 73-82.

Choldin, Harvey; Roncek, Dennis (1976). Density, Population Potential, and Pathology: A Block-Level Analysis. Public Data Use, 4, 19-29.

Cohen, Lawrence; Kluegel, J.; Land, Kenneth (1981). "Social Inequality and Predatory Criminal Victimization: An Exposition and Test of a Formal Theory". American Sociological Review, 46, 505-524.

Collins, Andrew, 1993, "Environmenal Influences on the Distribution of the Incidence of Cholera: a case study in Quelimane, Mozambique", Disasters, 17 (4), 321-340.

Cooke, Thomas, 1993, "Proximity to Job Opportunities and African American Male Unemployment: A test of the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis in In Indianapolis", The Professional Geographer, 45 (Nov.), 407-415.

Cutter, Susan, Solecki, William, 1989, "The National Pattern of Airborne Toxic Releases", The Professional Geographer, 41 (May), 149-161.

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D

Dadigan, Leo, Ferguson, F. 1978, "Computer Mapping Aids Pinpoint Crime and Accident Trends", Police Chief, 45 (9), 30-32.

DeFleur, L.B. (1967). "Ecological Variables in the Cross-Cultural Study of Delinquency". Social Forces, 45, 336-570.

Deutsch, J. (1984). "Interjurisdictional Criminal Mobility: A Theoretical Perspective". Urban Studies, 21, 451-458.

Deutsch, Joseph; Hakim, S.; Weinblatt, J. (1989). A Micro Model of the Criminal's Location Choice.Journal of Urban Economics, 22, 198-208.

Deutsch, Joseph, Hakim, S., Weinblatt, J.,1989, "A Micro Model of the Criminal's Location Choice", Journal of Urban Economics, 22, 198-208.

Dienes, Leslie, 1988, "Crime and Punishment in the USSR: New Information on Distribution", Soviet Geography, 29 (11), 793-808.

Dijkink, Gertjan, 1990, "The Political Geography of Policing: the Experience of Amsterdam", Journal of Police Science and Administration, 17 (Sep.), 155-162.

Doreian, Patrick, 1980, "Linear Models with Spatially Distributed Data: Spatial Disturbances or Spatial Effects?", Sociological Methods and Research, 9 (1), 29-60.

Duenas, Mark, 1995, "Ada County Rewrites the Book with GIS", American City and County, 110 (Feb.), 43.

Durkin, Laura, 1994, "Analyzing Data Analysis Hardware", American City and County, 109 (Apr.), 8.

Dutt, A. K.,Venugopal, G. 1983, "Spatial Patterns of Crime Among Indian Cities", Geoforum, 14 (2), 223-233.

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E

Ebbe, Obi, 1989, "Crime and Delinquency in Metropolitan Lagos: A Study of Crime and Delinquency Area Theory", Social Forces, 67 (Mar.), 751-765.

Echelberry, Norman, 1989, "Move over, Crockett and Tubbs; Miami has a New Crime-Fighting Weapon", The Police Chief, 56 (Jan.).

Eck, John, 1995, "Drug Markets and Drug Places: A Case-Control Study of the Spatial Structure of Illicit Drug Dealing", Dissertation Abstracts International, The Humanities and Social Sciences, 56 (1), Dissertation.

Egunjobi, Layi, 1993, "Spatial Distribution of Mortality From Leading Notifiable Diseases in Nigeria", Social Science and Medicine, 36 (10), 1267-1272.

Elie, Daniel, Legendre, Pierre 1992, "Spatial Autocorrelation and the Displacement of Criminality" (in French), Criminologie, 25 (2), 139-154.

Elie, Daniel, 1994, "Spatial Analysis of Crime" (Analyse Spatial et Criminologie), Criminologie, 27 (1), 7-21.

Epperson, Bryan, 1993, "Spatial and Space-Time Correlations in Systems of Subpopulations with Genetic Drift and Migration", Genetics, 133 (Mar.), 711-727.

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F

Fabrikant, Richard, 1979, "The Distribution of Criminal Offenses in an Urban Environment: A Spatial Analysis of Criminal Spillovers and Juvenile Offenders", American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 38 (1), 31-47.

Fan, Cindy, 1994, "The Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Income and Population Growth in Ohio, 1950-1990", Regional Studies, 28 (3), 241-258.

Felson, Richard; Cohen, Lawrence (1980). "Human Ecology and Crime: A routine Activities Approach".Human Ecology, 8, 389-406.

Felson, M.(1987). Routine Activities and Crime Prevention in the Developing Metropolis. Criminology, 25, 911-931.

Fukurai, Hiroshi, Pick, James, Butler, Edgar, 1987, "Interstate Migration in Mexico, 1979-80: A Spatial Analysis", Sociology and Social Research, 71 (4), 312-322.

Fyfe, Nicholas, 1991, "The Police, Space, and Society: The Geography of Policing", Progress in Human Geography, 5 (3), 249-267.

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G

Garofalo, J. (1979). "Victimization and the Fear of Crime". Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 16, 80-97.

Geake, Elisabeth, 1993, "How PC's Predict Where Crime Will Strike", New Scientist, 140 (Sep.), 17.

Gottfredson, Denise, 1991, "Social Area Influences on Delinquency: Multilevel Analysis", Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 28 (May), 197-226.

Greenberg, Stephanie, Rohe, William 1984, "Neighborhood Design and Crime: a Test of Two Perspectives", Journal of the American Planning Association, 50 (Win.), 48-61.

Griffith, Daniel, 1990, "Supercomputing and Spatial Statistics: A Reconnaissance", The Professional Geographer, 42 (Nov.), 481-492.

Gross, Meir, Hakim, Simon, 1982, "The Diffusion of Crime in the Metropolis: a Step by Step Analysis", Journal of Environmental Systems, 12 (1), 45-60.

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H

Hagan, John; Gillis, A.R.; Chan, Janet (1978). "Explaining Official Delinquency: A Spatial Study of Class, Conflict, and Control". Sociological Quarterly, 19, 386-398.

Haining, Robert, 1987, "Spatial Modelling and the Statistical Analysis of Spatial Data in Human Geography", Mathematiques et Sciences Humaines, 25 (Fall), 5-25.

Hakim, Simon, 1979, "Interjurisdictional Spillover of Crime and Police Expenditure", Land Economics, 55 (2),200-212.

Hakim, S. (1980). The Attrictive of Property Crimes to Suburban Localities: A Revised Economic Model. Urban Studies, 17, 265-276.

Hakim, S.; Ovadia, A.; Weinblatt, J. (1978). Crime Attraction and Deterrence in Small Communities: Theory and Results. International Regional Science Review, 3, 153-163.

Hakim, Simon, Buck, Andrew, 1989, "Do Casinos Enhance Crime?", Journal of Criminal Justice, 17 (5), 409-416.

Hale, Chris, Sabbagh, Dima, 1991, "Testing the Relationship Between Unemployment and Crime: a Methodological Comment and Empirical Analysis Using Time Series Data From England and Wales", Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 28 (Nov.), 400-417.

Ham, Robert Craig, 1986, "Timing and Spacing of Crime in the Urban Environment: Lexington - Fayette County, Kentucky - 198"., Dissertation Abstracts International, The Humanities and Social Sciences, 47 (4). Disertation.

Hankins, Martin, 1991, "The Spatial Determinants of Neighborhood Structure: Cleveland, Ohio, 1930-1980", Sociological Focus, 24 (1), 29-44.

Harries, Keith (1976). "Cities and Crime: A Geographic Model".Criminology,14, 369-386.

Harries, Keith, 1988, "Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Assults Against Children in Dallas, Texas, 1980-1981", Journal of Family Violence, 3 (4), 327-338.

Harries, Keith, 1989, "Homocide and Assult: a Comparative Analysis of Attributes in Dallas Neighborhoods, 1981-1985", Professional Geographer, 41 (Feb.), 29-38.

Harris, Dale, 1985, "Sharing Crime Analysis Techniques and Information", The Police Chief, 52 (Sep.), 42-43.

Hartnagel, Timothy, Lee, G. Won, 1990, "Urban Crime in Canada", Canadian Journal of Criminology, 32 (Oct.), 591-606.

Haslett, John, 1991, "Dynamic Graphics for Exploring Spatial Data with Application to Locating Global and Local Anomalies", The American Statistician, 45 (Aug.), 234-242.

Hedstrom, Peter, 1994, "Contagious Collectives: on the Spatial Diffusion of Swedish Trade Unions, 1890-1940", American Journal of Sociology, 99 (5), 1157-1179.

Herbert, D. T., 1985, "Environmental Criminology: Testing Some Hypotheses", Transactions, Institute of British Geographers, 10, 259-274.

Hubert, L. J.,Golledge, R. G., Costanzo, C. M., 1981, "Generalized Procedures for Evaluating Spatial Autocorrelation", Geographical Analysis, 13, 224-233.

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J

Jackson, Pamela (1984). "Opportunity and Crime: A Function of City Size". Sociological and Social Science Research, 68, 172-193.

Johnson, Don, 1991, "NCIC Training: Hit or Miss", FBI: Law Enforcement Bulletin, 60 (Jan.), 1-3.

Johnston, R. J., Pattie, C. J., 1992, "Using an Entropy-Maximizing Procedure to Estimate Territorial Social Indicators: An Introduction and Illustration", Social Indicators Research, 27 (3), 235-256.

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L

Langworthy, Robert, LeBeau, James, 1992, "Spatial Evolution of a Sting Clientele", Journal of Criminal Justice, 20 (2), 135-145.

Langworthy, Robert, LeBeau, James, 1992, "The Spatial Distribution of Sting Targets", Journal of Criminal Justice, 20 (6), 541-551.

Larson, Richard, 1989, "The New Crime Stoppers", Technology Review, 92 (Nov/Dec), 26-31.

Laub, John (1983). "Urbanism, Race, and Crime". Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 20, 183-198.

LeBeau, James, 1987, "The Methods and Measures of Centrography and the Spatial Dynamics of Rape", Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 3 (2), 125-141.

LeBeau, James, 1992, "Four Case Studies Illustrating the Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Serial Rapists", Police Studies, 15 (3), 124-145.

Lee, Y.; Egan, F.J. (1972). The Geography of Urban Crime: The Spatial Pattern of Serious Crime in the City of Denver. Proceedings of the Association of American Geographers, 4, 59-64.

Legendre, Pierre, 1993, "Spatial Autocorrelation: Trouble or New Paradigm?", Ecology, 74 (Sep.), 1659-1673.

Ley, D.; Cybriwsky, R. (1974). "The Spatial Ecology of Stripped Cars". Environment and Behavior, 6, 53-68.

Lowman, John, 1986, "Conceptual Issues in the Geography of Crime: Toward a Geography of Social Control", Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 76 (Mar.), 81-94.

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M

Mansfeld, Yoel, 1990, "Spatial Patterns of International Tourist Flows: Towards a Theoretical Framework", Progress in Human Geography, 14 (3), 372-390.

Maxfield, Michael (1987). Lifestyle and Routine Activities Theories of Crime: Empirical Studies of Victimization, Delinquency, and Offender Decision-Making. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 3, 275-282.

Marean, Curtis, Bertino, Leanne, , 1994, "Intrasite Spatial Analysis of Bone: Subtracting the Effect of Secondary Carnivore Consumers", American Antiquity, 59 (Oct.), 748-768.

Mayer, Jonathan, 1992, "Challenges to Understanding Spatial Patterns of Disease: Philosophical Alternatives to Logical Positivism", Social Science and Medicine, 35 (4), 579-587.

Mazumdar, Sanjoy, 1995, "How Birds of a Feather Flock Together in Organizations: The Phenomena of Socio-Physical Congregation and Distancing", Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 12 (1), 1-18.

McMillen, Daniel, 1992, "Probit with Spatial Autocorrelation", Journal of Regional Science, 32 (Aug.), 335-348.

McPherson, M. (1978). "Realities and Perceptions of Crime at the Neighborhood Level". Victimology, 3, 319-328.

Miller, Tim, 1993, "GIS Helps San Barnardino Police Take a Byte out of Crime", American City and Country, 108 (Mar.), 42.

Miller, Tim, 1994, "Computers Track the Criminals Trail", American Demogeaphics, 16 (Jan.), 13-14.

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O

O'Brien, Robert (1983). "Metropolitan Structure and Violent Crime: Which Measure of Crime?". American Sociological Review, 48, 434-437.

O'Kane, James, Fisher, R.,Green, Lorraine, 1994, "Mapping Campus Crime", Security Journal, 5 (3), 172-180.

Openshaw, S., Waugh, D., Cross, A., Brunsdon, C. and Lillie, J., 1991, "Crime Pattern Analysis System for Subdivisional Use", Police Requirements Support Unit Bulletin., 41 (Sep.).

Openshaw, S., 1993, "GIS 'crime' and GIS 'criminality'", Environmant and Planning, 25 (Apr.), 451-458.

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P

Pain, Rachel, 1991, "Space, Sexual Violence and Social Control: Integrating Geographical and Feminist Analyses of Women's Fear of Crime", Progress in Human Geography, 15 (4), 415-431.

Panel Discussion, 1983, "Using Computers in Crime Fighting, Training, and Administration: a Practical Approach", The Police Chief, 50 (Mar.), 123-130.

Pannel, Clifton, Torguson, Jeffrey, 1991, "Interpreting Spatial Patterns from the 1990 China Census", The Geographical Review, 81 (July), 304-317.

Pettiway, Leon, 1982, "Mobility of Robbery and Burglary Offenders: Ghetto and Nonghetto Spaces., Urban Affairs Quarterly", 18 (Dec.),255-270.

Pettiway, Leon, 1985, "The internal Structure of the Ghetto and the Criminal Commute", Journal of Black Studies, 16 (Dec.), 189-211.

Pope, C.E. (1980) "Patterns in Burglary: An Empirical Examination of Offense and Offender Characteristics". Journal of Criminal Justice, 8 (1), 39-51.

Pyle, G. F., 1976, "Spatial and Temporal Aspects of Crime in Cleveland, Ohio", American Behavioral Scientist, 20 (2), 175-197.

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R

Rengert, George, 1994, "Drugs and Crime: The Impact of the Drug Trade on the Urban Fabric (in French)", Criminologie, 27 (1), 69-79.

Rhind, David, 1991, "Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Problems", International Social Science Journal, 43 (4), 649-668.

Rich, Thomas F., July 1995, "The Use of Computerized Mapping in Crime Control and Prevention Programs", NIJ Research in Action.

Roncek, Dennis (1981). Dangerous Places: Crime and the Residential Environment. Social Forces, 60 (Sept.), 74-96.

Roncek, D.W.; Bell, R. (1981). Bars, Blocks, and Crimes. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11, 35-47.

Roncek, Dennis, Bell, Ralph, 1981, "Housing Projects and Crime: Testing a Proximity Hypothesis", Social Problems, 29 (2), 151-166.

Roncek, Dennis, Lobosco, Antoinette, 1983, "The Effect of High Schools in their Neighborhoods", Social Science Quarterly, 64 (3), 599-613.

Roncek, Dennis, Faggiani, Donald, 1985, "High Schools and Crime: a Replication", Sociological Quarterly, 26 (4), 491-505.

Roncek, Dennis, Pravatiner, Mitchell, 1989, "Additional Evidence that Taverns Enhance Nearby Crime", Sociology and Social Research, 73 (4), 185-188.

Roncek, Dennis, Maier, Pamela, 1991, "Bars, Blocks, and Crimes Revisited: Linking the Theory of Routine Activities to the Empiricism of Hot Spots", Criminology, 29 (4).

Rotton, James, Frey, James, 1985, "Air pollution, Weather, and Violent Crimes: Concomitant Time-Series Analysis of Archival Data", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49 (Nov.), 1207-1220.

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S

Sampson, Robert (1983). "Structural Density and Criminal Victimization". Criminology, 21, 276-293.

Sampson, Robert; Castellano, Thomas (1982). "Economic Inequality and Personal Victimization: An Areal Perspective". British Journal of Criminology, 22, 363-385.

Sampson, Robert (1987). "Does an Inract Family Reduce Burglary Risk for Its Neighbors?". Sociology and Social Research, 71, 204-207.

Sampson, Robert, Groves, Byron, (1989), "Community Structure and Crime: Testing Social-Disorganization Theory", American Journal of Sociology, 94, 774-802.

Sampson, Robert (1985). Neighborhood and Crime: The Structural Determinants of Personal Victimization. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 22, 7-40.

Sampson, Robert; Wooldredge, John (1987). Linking the Micro- and Macro-Level Dimensions of Lifestyle, Routine Activity and Opportunity Models of Predatory Victimization.Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 3, 371-393.

Savelsberg, Joachim, 1984, "Socio-Spatial Attributes of Social Problems: The Case of Crime and Delinquency", Population and Environment, 7 (3), 163-181.

Schneider, John, 1988, "Toward an Environmental View of Inner-city Crime", Law and Society Review, 22 (5), 1023-1026.

Sharif, A. H. M., Huq, Sheikh, Mesbah, us Saleheen, 1993, "Spatial Patterns of Mortality in Bangladesh", Social Science and Medicine, 36 (10), 1325-1330.

Shelley, Louise, 1980, "The Geography of Soviet Criminality", American Sociological Review, 45 (1), 111-122.

Sherman, L. W., Gartin, P. R., Buergan, M. E., 1989, "Hot Spots of Predatory Crime: Routine Activities and the Criminology of Place", Criminology, 27, 27-56.

Sims, Dave, 1993, "Desktop Applications Support Your Local Sheriff", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 13 (July), 14.

Sivamurthy, A., 1982, "Spatio-Temporal Variation in the Incidence of Theft in Madras City", Indian Journal of Criminology, 10 (2), 108-115.

Skogan, Wesley (1975). "Measurement Problems in Official and Survey Crime Rates". Journal of Criminal Justice, 3, 17-32.

Slatan, G.F. (1969). "Ecological Analysis of Delinquency Aggregation Effects". American Sociological Review, 34, 894-902.

Sokal, Robert, Jacquez, Geoffrey, Wooten, Michael, 1989, "Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis of Migration and Selection", Genetics, 121 (Apr.), 845-855.

Spriggs, William, 1984, "Measuring Residential Segregation: An Application of Trend Surface Analysis", Phylon, 45 (4), 249-263.

Stahura, J.M.; Huff, C.R. (1981). "Persistence of Suburban Violent Crime Rates: An Ecological Analysis". Sociological Focus, 14, 123-137.

Stahura, J.M.; Huff, C.R. (1979). "The New 'Zones of Transition': Gradients of Crime in Metropolitan Areas". Review of Public Data Use, 7, 41-48.

Stimson, James (1985). Regression in Space and Time: A Statistical Essay.American Journal of Political Science, 29, 914-947.

Strang, David, Tuma, Nancy Brandon, 1993, "Spatial and Temporal Heterogeneity in Diffusion", American Journal of Sociology, 99 (3), 614-639.

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T

Toolin, Cynthia Ann, 1986, "Substantive Issues in the Spatial Analysis of Reported Crime Rates: A Comparative Study of Three Levels of Aggregation", Dissertation Abstracts International, Humanities and Social Sciences, 46 (12), Dissertation.

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W

Wasserman, Ira, Stack, Steven, 1995, "Graphic Spatial Autocorrelation and United States Suicide Patterns", Archives of Suicide Research, 1 (2), 121-129.

Weisburd, David, Green, Lorraine, Ross, Debra, 1994, "Spatial Analysis of Crimes Committed in Street-Level Drug Markets" (in French), Criminologie, 27 (1), 49-67.

White, R. C.(1932). The Relation of Felonies to Environmental Factors in Indianapolis. Social Forces, 10, 498-509.

White, Garland (1990). Neighborhood Permeability and Burglary Rates.Justice Quarterly, 7, 57-67.

Williams, R., 1986, "Computerized Crime Map Spots Crime Patterns", Law and Order, 34 (1), 28-31.

Wise, Barry, 1995, "Catching Crooks with Computers", American City and Country, 110 (May), 54.

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This working list is being compiled by Charles Swartz.

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